The Great Yogis Of Tibet
This article presents the famous great yogis of Tibet.
Milarepa Shepa Dorje
Milarepa (1052-1135) was born into a wealthy family, but by coincidence he and his family lost everything. On the instruction of his mother, Milarepa learned black magic and killed 35 people for insulting the honour of the family. Realizing the depth of what he had done and awakening an incredible desire to get out of the shackles of this karma, Milarepa went in search of the Teacher. Soon he met Marpa, who became his guide to liberation. It was not so easy for Marpa to instruct him and initiate him into practice. With Siddhas, his teacher realized the situation, he created the Milarepa incredibly challenging test to clear the karma of the disciple. Milarepa humbly, with unbending faith in Marpa, endured much suffering and humiliation from the teacher for the sake of knowing the Truth.
"I realized that Samsara and Nirvana are dependent and relative States and That the cause of the Universe is the Mind, which has nothing to do with the concept of Interest or Addiction. When this Cause is directed along the path of disbelief or selfishness, it leads to Samsara, but if it is directed along the path of altruism, it will lead to Nirvana. I am quite convinced that the real source of Samsara and Nirvana is in the Emptiness of the Transcendental Mind. The knowledge I now acquired was the fruit of my zeal, which was the chief cause."
There are biographies of Milarepa, where it is told that for several years he practiced on the most remote hills, in caves, ate only nettles, because of what his skin turned green. Some people who stumbled upon him ran away in fear, believing him to be a spirit. He nurtured the vitality in the practice and renunciation from all attachments. He has mastered many practices of meditation and yoga and became a wandering teacher who had instructed him about the perception of the law of Karma, about the path of compassion, of emptiness, etc. Subsequently, he has trained no less great disciples.
"Constantly striving for purification, Eradicate ignorance and accumulate Merit. By doing so, you will not only see how Dharma-Loving Deities Come to listen, but they perceive Inside Dharmakaya, Holy and The highest of all deities. Seeing this, you will see the whole truth of Samsara and Nirvana And free yourself from karma."
Milarepa is the inspiration for many beings and followers of different schools and religions. He showed by his example that through the efforts and power of Truth, one can achieve Enlightenment in one life.
Rechung Dorje Drakpa or Rechungpa
Rechung lived from 1084 to 1161 and was one of Milarepa's closest disciples. He continued the transmission of the yogic tradition "six yogas of Naropa" and made a great contribution to the Kagyu tradition.
Rechung met teacher Milarepa at the age of 11. He received from him many initiations and recorded the biography of his guru, as well as his stories, songs and teachings, in addition he studied with other disciples of Marpa and Naropa. In 15 years, Rechung visited India, received a pass Chakrasamvara and Vadzhravarahi from Tippy, including Cannataro and practices of the Union. He also received a Mahamudra transmission later in Tibet from a Nepalese disciple of Maitripa.
Rechungpa was a yogi as well as Milarepa, lived in seclusion and did not aspire to fame, but from time to time he faced his obstacle — complacency. Rechung tried to compete with Milarepa, falling into the illusion that it has surpassed the teacher, but he always wrapped his attempts fail, taking into account the passionate pride of the disciple. For example, in one story Milarepa, feeling that Rechung was proud of having a special practice, decided to knock off his pride. The teacher asked to take from the earth old the horn of a Yak, which the pupil refused, thoughts blaming the coach for stragisto. Later, when Milarepa with the help of Siddhas called hurricane, Rechungpa confused was sitting on the ground, covering my head from the hail, and the master is conveniently located in the horn did not decrease and not increase the size of the horns. Rechungpa realized his insignificance next to the power of Milarepa, once again promising himself never to fall into the sin of pride again.
But despite such missteps, Echunga was called "Junior Milarepa", he passed the Indian yoga masters received from the teacher, and was a terton who discovered the Terma of Padmasambhava.
Gampopa or Dakpo Rinpoche
Gampopa lived from 1079 to 1153, was Milarepa's second closest disciple and achieved full realization under the guidance of his Teacher. After Gampopa learned his true nature through the techniques imparted by Milarepa, he went to Central Tibet and practiced meditation for 7 years. Gampopa was going to go into seclusion for 12 years, but there were signs that he should pass on his knowledge, which is important to allow the teachings to spread. Soon, in a short time, disciples began to appear around him who achieved realizations.
Unlike the itinerant Rechungpa, Gampopa laid the Foundation for the monastic life of Kagyu followers. He combined speed way Kadam, Atisha received from (the teachings of Lam-rim) and the teachings of Mahamudra, Milarepa passed through, together and laid the foundations of the Kagyu teachings in the form in which it has survived to the present time. Gampopa wrote many important texts, including "the Precious ornament of liberation"and" the Precious rosary of the higher way". Both works testify to the unification of the two currents of spiritual practice, which he himself studied. Gampopa argues that reading these texts would be tantamount to meeting him for those who were unable to meet him in life.
He created monasteries, was engaged in the organization, actively taught and developed monastic practices. He possessed such inconceivable qualities that all who needed his teachings, who were to disperse the obstacles, who needed guidance, obtained by the implementation of offerings and yoga under his guidance and instruction.
In the seventh century, the teacher Padmasambhava, invited by the Tibetan king, began to spread the teachings of the Buddha. After the construction of several monasteries, Padmasambhava called upon the goddess Saraswati to manifest her emanation and help spread the teachings. A few months later, in one of the provinces, a girl was born with good and wonderful signs. She was given to Padmasambhava, like a secret offerings to the king of Trisong Decena together with other rich gifts, and later became his spiritual wife.
Guru taught More righteous life, guided on the perfect way. She had taken and kept vows of body, speech, and mind. Having gained precious knowledge of secret teachings, she practiced austerities in the mountains and caves. Tsogyal understood that initiation and empowerment from Guru Rinpoche (Padmasambhava) was the key to the mysteries of Tantra, and the vows she kept were the source of those powers. Yeshe was subjected to severe tests of fears, temptations and attacks of demons. When she reached enlightenment, she returned to the Guru, and he said,:
— Oh Yogini who has attained perfection! The human body is the basis for wisdom; Body of woman and man Equally suitable for this purpose, But if a woman has an unyielding determination, Her features above. With beznaturnyh time you have to accumulate good merit, Improving your morality and wisdom, And now you are endowed The highest qualities of Buddha. Now, having found enlightenment, You must begin your activities For the good of others.
Yeshe tsogyal worked tirelessly to spread the teachings. She traveled to Tibet and performed many miracles, created and supported the monastic community, gave countless teachings and empowerments to many students.
When the time came, the Guru went to the Pure abode of Dakin, he instructed Her to write down, classify knowledge and take care of preservation and transmission to future generations. She prepared and hid for the benefit of future generations hundreds of thousands of teachings-Terma. The texts were hidden in various special places in Tibet until the appointed time. It is mentioned that tsogyal lived more than two hundred years, and after giving her last instruction, she dissolved into a drop of blue light and emitted a rainbow glow.
Machig Labdron was a great yogin in the eleventh century in Tibet. People took it for a manifestation of Tara and asked for blessings. There are texts where Padmasambhava predicts the rebirth of Yeshe Tsogyal as Machig Labdron. As a child, she easily studied and recited spiritual Scriptures by heart. Growing up, she quickly achieved results practices. At the age of 30, Machig received a revelation from Tara that she was dakina, the winner of Mara. Having accumulated a lot of merit in getting rid of the consequences of past mistakes, crushing aversion to unpleasant, abandoning attachment to what attracts, she attained the Highest realization and spread the teaching of the Mahamudra chod festival, which helped to develop bodhichitta to many creatures.
Her teaching reveals the methods of ego conquest corresponding to different levels of abilities of individuals. The essence of the Chod teaching is to achieve liberation through personal experience of realizing shunyata (emptiness) of all phenomena of reality through the practice of cutting off attachments and experiencing compassion for all living beings. The doctrine is set forth in such writings Machig Labdron as: "a Vast circle of chod Scriptures", "Cutting off hope and fear", "Inner overcoming", "Secret symbolic teachings", etc.
As written in "Cutting off hope and fear": "I am pure and untainted by the desire for personal gain, even with the tip of a hair of this dirt is not on me. I found a confident mind. Love, Compassion and Bodhichitta are not empty words for me, I have merged with them, and I call this the Sacred Dharma of Chod practice. This is what is called Mahayana. This is what is called the great way of Bodhisattvas."
Tsongkhapa is considered to be the incarnation of Manjushri, who attained enlightenment many kalpas ago, but took the form of a bodhisattva. At the age of three he took the full vows of a lay Buddhist, at seven he took the vows of a novice monk, at sixteen he entered the monastery of Drikung Kagyu, at seventeen he became a famous doctor, and at twenty-five he received full monastic initiation.
"May I become the holder of the good Muni system, Illuminating the truth of interdependence, In all their births, even sacrificing body and life! And may I not leave him for a moment!
May I meditate day and night About how to distribute this [Doctrine], What the best Guide has gained through untold privations, By making hard work the essence of [their lives]!»
Tsongkhapa had an incredible thirst for knowledge and practice, he memorized the sacred texts by reading only once. By the age of 30, he was an expert in all tantras. His diligence to this day is a model. He restored the lost truths of the Way in the fourteenth century and strengthened Buddhism in Tibet. In the time of Shakyamuni Buddha was the one under the sink that after 1200 years he found through meditative practices and built a monastery. He wrote many works, for example, "a Great guide for stages of the path to awakening", "a Clear description of the five stages of Guhyasamaja", "the Golden rosary". He could go into seclusion for a long time and make offerings and bows until his skin bled. He worked hard on spreading the teachings, traveled to Tibet, explained the sutras and gave initiations to worthy students. Many lamas and teachers recognized him as a great personality. One day he met again his teacher Rendova and wanted to bow, but he asked it more to do and he bowed Concepe.
Je Tsongkhapa had incredible powers. Once the power of Samadhi Jae was invited to the consecration of the statue of Maitreya Buddhas and Bodhisattvas. Many have seen them, as well as how the deity of Wisdom actually entered the statue. Tsongkhapa had a deep connection with Manjushri, from whom he received direct instruction, and whom he could see as clearly as any ordinary person. The texts mention a vision when Maitreya said, " Son of a noble Family! You are like a Buddha who has come into the world." History also illustrates the high spiritual development. In the morning je Tsongkhapa sat down in the vajra Posture, folded his hands in the mudra of Dhyana and immersed himself in contemplation for 25 days. Coming out of it, he radiated a light unbearable to the eyes. As later explained, it was a manifestation of Sambhogakaya-the blessed Body of Buddha.